Monday, 15 August 2011

Was al-Khidr a Prophet?


Was al-Khidr an angel, a Messenger, a Prophet or a wali (“saint”)?

Praise be to Allaah.


The from the general meaning of the Qur’aanic verses it appears  that he was
a Prophet. 

Shaykh al-Shanqeeti (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in
his commentary on the aayah (interpretation of the meaning) 

“Then they found one of Our slaves, on whom We had
bestowed mercy from Us, and whom We had taught knowledge from Us”

[al-Kahf 18:65] 

“But it may be understood from some aayahs that the mercy mentioned here was
the mercy of Prophethood, and that this knowledge which came from Allaah was
the knowledge of revelation (wahy)… It is known that mercy and the bestowal
of knowledge from Allaah is more general and comes in more ways than via
Prophethood. The fact that something general exists does not necessarily
imply that something more specific exists, as is well known. One of the
indications that the mercy and knowledge with which Allaah blessed His slave
al-Khidr came by way of Prophethood and revelation is the aayah
(interpretation of the meaning): 

“And I did them not of my own accord”[al-Kahf 18:82] 

i.e., rather I did them by the command of Allaah, and the
command of Allaah is only conveyed via wahy (revelation), because there is
no way for the commands and prohibitions of Allaah to be known except
through revelation from Allaah, especially with regard to the killing of an
apparently innocent soul and damaging a ship by making a hole in it, because
committing acts of aggression against people’s lives and wealth can only be
validated via revelation from Allaah. Allaah has restricted the method of
warning to revelation as He says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Say (O Muhammad): “I warn you only by the Revelation”

[al-Anbiya’ 21:45] 

the word innama (translated here as “only”) implies
limitation or restriction. 

Adwaa’ al-Bayaan, 4/172, 173 

And he said: 

From all of this we know that al-Khidr’s killing the boy and
making a hole in the ship, and his saying, 

“And I did them not of my own accord”

[al-Kahf 18:82 – interpretation of the meaning]] 

clearly indicate that he was a Prophet. Al-Fakhr al-Raazi, in
his tafseer, attributed the view that he was a Prophet to many scholars.
Another factor that may indicate that he was a Prophet is the fact that
Moosa (peace be upon him) humbled himself before him and said
(interpretation of the meaning): 

“May I follow you so that you teach me something of that
knowledge (guidance and true path) which you have been taught (by
Allaah)?”[al-Kahf 18:66] 

“If Allaah wills, you will find me patient, and I will not
disobey you in aught”[al-Kahf 18:69] 

even though al-Khidr said to him (interpretation of the meaning): 

“And how can you have patience about a thing which you
know not?” [al-Kahf 18:68] 

Adwaa’ al-Bayaan, 3/326.


No comments:

Post a Comment